Afterwards 2009, Greece confront a
sovereign debt crisis. The harsh austerity that is imposed to the country has
as a result a severe recession. During this period, the Greek households have
lost approximately 30 per cent of their disposable income and the unemployment
rate has been dramatically increased and reached 27 per cent of the labour
force (Giakoumatos and Karamesini, 2016).All the social classes are suffered by
the impoverishment of the Greek society, however the middle class has been
decimated during the economic crisis (Karamessini and Giakoumatos 2016). In this analysis, we focus on the investigation
of the social mobility from the middle class to the lower class since the
beginning of the crisis. We deploy generalized linear models to extended the
model of Giakoumatos and Loukas (2017) by including interactions between the
independent variables. As dependent variable we use a dummy variable that takes
1 if a household belong to the of the middle class based the thresholds of 2014
and in the lower class based to the thresholds of 2008 (before the recession).
The empirical analysis provides the statistically significant demographic and
social factors that affect this type of social mobility.
JEL classification numbers: E24
Keywords: Social Class,
Disposal Income, Social Mobility, Logistic and Multinomial Models.