The research analyzes the threats to enterprises through the development of an integrated system of economic security. A classification of threats to the economic security of the enterprises is given. The generalized formalized procedure for threat analysis, their sources and the behavior of the subjects is given. Identifying threats to economic security held by the example of the food industry enterprises. the results of a threat analysis of the food industry has learned that during the financial and economic activity, the company meets the following threats of economic businesses security : investment, higher purchase prices for grain, financial instability, credit, depreciation of fixed assets, unfair practices of partners and competitors.