At present, taxi passenger transport and passenger car rental
industries offer passenger transport services with small-sized vehicles in
Taiwan. These two industries overlap but have significant differences in their
management and business models. Recently, the introduction of online
car-hailing platforms (sharing-economy industries like Uber) into Taiwan has
intensified the competition and conflicts between these two industries. Thus,
the Taiwan government has amended the law to distinguish them from each other
more clearly. This study adopted observation and case study methods for the
analysis of competition and cooperation between these two industries in Taiwan.
Lastly, it offered suggestions on the future development of the two industries,
in the hope of providing reference for the fields across academia, industry and
JEL classification numbers: L98, R48.
Keywords: Taxi Passenger Transport Industry, Passenger Car Rental
Industry, Sharing Economy.