Journal of Applied Finance & Banking

Analysing bank stability in India: Evidence from 2007/08-2016/17

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  • Abstract

     

    This paper develops an index of bank stability for 66 commercial banks operating in the Indian banking industry for the period 2007/08-2016/17. An index is obtained by combining five dimensions, namely capital adequacy, asset quality, management efficiency, earning capacity and liquidity. The choice of dimensions is derived from the CAMEL framework as defined by the Reserve Bank of India, which is the modus operandi for measurement of banking stability. The aggregation of dimensions is done using the weights calculated by employing PCA approach. The empirical findings reveal that an improvement is seen among Indian banks in terms of stability in the early years of the sample period. A higher value of a bank stability indicator is observed in 2008/09, and the index value showed a decline from 2008/09 onwards. The categorization of banks into high, moderate and less stability suggests that majorly banks in India are moderately stable, with the number of banks belonging to less stable category risen from 7 in 2007/8 to 23 in 2014/15. The results further suggest that the high stable category is mainly dominated by the foreign banks and none of the public sector bank belongs to this category for the entire study period. The condition of public sector banks is found to be pitied on the dimensions of asset quality and profitability, while private and foreign banks fared relatively better on these two fronts. Liquidity condition remained more or less stable for Indian banks.  

     

    JEL classification numbers: G21, G28

    Keywords: Bank stability; Indian banks; Composite index; Principal Component

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