The goal of this study was to determine the factors that
contribute to early pregnancy losses among UAE residents. An early pregnancy
loss is defined as loss of fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy, before
week 12. Our study assessed several risk factors that can lead to a pregnancy
loss such as: maternal age, ethnicity, marital status, occupation, lifestyle,
stress, previous history pregnancy losses or significant family history, and
previously diagnosed illnesses or abnormalities of female reproductive system.
The data was collected from pregnant women of all nationalities,
ages 18 to 45 attending Thumbay Hospital and Thumbay University Hospital,
Ajman. The sample size of the study was 135 cases of early pregnancy loss and
134 controls, women with successful pregnancies.
The risk of a pregnancy loss among pregnant women was
significantly increased by history of previous pregnancy losses, bleeding
during pregnancy, cervical weakness, and PCOS. Among other less significant
factors that could possibly lead to a pregnancy loss was smoking during
pregnancy and consanguinity of the couple. Therefore, we recommend couples
screening and preconception counseling, especially for women who had
experienced pregnancy losses before and those diagnosed with PCOS or cervical
Keywords: Risk factors, Pregnancy loss.