International Journal Of Occupational Health and Public Health Nursing

Relationship between Career Anchors and Demographic Characteristics among Occupational Health Nurses in Japan

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  • Abstract

    Objectives: This study examined the relationship between career anchors and demographic characteristics among occupational health nurses in Japan. Methods: Seven-hundred forty-five occupational health nurses participated in the questionnaire survey. Measurements included demographic data and the Career Anchors: Self-Assessment Scale. Results: We found the following career anchor scores: Technical/functional Competence=13.7, Lifestyle=13.3, Pure Challenge=12.7, Service/dedication to a Cause =12.7, Autonomy/ independence= 12.3, Security/stability = 12.2, Entrepreneurial/creativity = 10.0, and General Managerial Competence = 9.0. Occupational health nurses from graduate school had the highest score in seven career anchors (excluding Security/stability); occupational health nurses from vocational school had the lowest score in six career anchors (excluding Autonomy/independence and Entrepreneurial/creativity). Occupational health nurses with public health nurse qualifications had the highest score in six career anchors (excluding Service/dedication to a Cause). There were no significant differences between marriage, child-care experience, and family-care experience and Lifestyle type. Occupational health nurses aged in their 20s had the highest score in six career anchors (excluding Lifestyle). Occupational health nurses who worked full-time had the highest score in six career anchors (excluding Pure Challenge).

    Keywords: Career anchor, Career development, Occupational health nurse