Journal of Risk & Control

The Usage of Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) Methods in Time-varying Volatility Models

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  • Abstract

     

    Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) techniques, in the context of Bayesian inference, constitute a practical and effective tool to produce samples from an arbitrary distribution. These algorithms are applied to calculate parameter values of predictive models of the phenomenon of varying volatility in data time series. For this purpose, 3 such research models of time-varying volatility are simulated in STAN a probabilistic programming language for statistical inference. The accuracy of these modelsí predictive function is confirmed by applying in data time series with known prior values. Moreover, Stan modelsí performance is illustrated by the real stock prices of two shares in the stock market of New York. Finally, an Information Criterion of the results is applied to each model as well, to evaluate their predictive ability, comparing and selecting the most effective one.

     

    Keywords: MCMC, Time-series, Time-varying volatility models, STAN.